UNDERSTANDING THE GREENPEACE NGO
GIỚI THIỆU TỔ CHỨC HÒA BÌNH XANH.
The Green Peace LÀ GÌ? The Greenpeace đang LÀM GÌ? & SỰ ẢNH HƯỞNG CỦA Greenpeace
(Tùy Bút Phiếm Luận, Xã Hội)
Tổ Chức Hòa Bình Xanh: “The Greenpeace” là tên một Tổ Chức Vô Vị Lợi được thành lập để Bảo Vệ Mầu Xanh Thiên Nhiên, chủ yếu là Môi Sinh trong sạch cho Sức Khỏe Con Người. The Greenpeace có một Lịch Sử của nó, gốc gác tại sao hình thành, có những Nhà Sáng Lập tiên khởi, tổ chức và tìm cách Tạo Ngân Khoản bằng Tiền Ủng Hộ của nhiều Nhóm Lợi Ích và Tư Nhân giầu có, vv.. ngày nay có 28 Chi Nhánh trên khắp Thế Giới.
Bộ Chỉ Huy Chính của Greenpeace ở New Zealand, gọi là Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand & 5 Chi Nhánh 5 vùng khác trên địa cầu là: 2. Greenpeace Australia Pacific, 3. Greenpeace Chile, 4. Greenpeace East Asia, 5. Greenpeace India, 6. Greenpeace Nordic, và 7. Greenpeace USA. ngoài ra còn có một Đoàn Chuyên Viên của Họ kết hợp linh động khi cần thiết.
Website riêng của Greenpeace có lẽ ở mỗi vùng đều có, song chúng tôi thấy Website chính là Greenpeace USA có ghi trong Nguồn/Source bên dưới đây trong Phần Tham Khảo phong phú của chúng tôi. Mời quý Độc Giả nghiên cứu chi tiết thêm.
Vanson Tran – September 20013
NGUỒN THAM KHẢO: REFERENCED SOURCES:
Contents/Bao Gồm: (Xin vào Website Wikipedia.org để nghiền cứu tiếp)
1.1.1 Founders and founding time of Greenpeace
1.2 After Amchitka
1.3 Organizational development
2 Organizational structure
3 Priorities and campaigns
3.1 Climate and energy
3.1.1 Kingsnorth court case
3.1.2 “Go Beyond Oil”
3.1.3 Nuclear power
188.8.131.52 Anti-nuclear advertisement
184.108.40.206 Press release blunder
220.127.116.11 EDF spying conviction and appeal
3.2 Forest campaign
3.2.1 Removal of ancient tree
3.3 ‘Tokyo Two’
3.4 Genetically modified organisms (GMOs)
3.4.1 Greenpeace on golden rice
3.6 Save the Arctic
4.1 First Rainbow Warrior
4.2 Second Rainbow Warrior
4.3 Other vessels
5 Reactions and responses to Greenpeace activities
6 Regional offices
6.1 Greenpeace Aotearoa New Zealand
6.2 Greenpeace Australia Pacific
6.3 Greenpeace Chile
6.4 Greenpeace East Asia
6.5 Greenpeace India
6.6 Greenpeace Nordic
6.7 Greenpeace USA
7 See also
9 Further reading
10 External links
MỘT VÀI TRÍCH ĐOẠN GIỜI THIỆU:
Greenpeace is a non-governmental environmental organization with offices in over forty countries and with an international coordinating body in Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Greenpeace states its goal is to “ensure the ability of the Earth to nurture life in all its diversity” and focuses its campaigning on world wide issues such as global warming, deforestation, overfishing, commercial whaling, genetic engineering, and anti-nuclear issues. Greenpeace uses direct action, lobbying and research to achieve its goals. The global organization does not accept funding from governments, corporations or political parties, relying on 2.9 million individual supporters and foundation grants. Greenpeace has a general consultative status with the United Nations Economic and Social Council and is a founding member of the INGO Accountability Charter; an international non-governmental organization that intends to foster accountability and transparency of non-governmental organizations.
Greenpeace evolved from the peace movement and anti-nuclear protests in Vancouver, British Columbia, in the late 1960s and early 1970s. On September 15, 1971, the newly founded Don’t Make a Wave Committee sent a chartered ship, Phyllis Cormack, renamed Greenpeace for the protest, from Vancouver to oppose United States testing of nuclear devices in Amchitka, Alaska. The Don’t Make a Wave Committee subsequently adopted the name Greenpeace.
In a few years, Greenpeace spread to several countries and started to campaign on other environmental issues such as commercial whaling and toxic waste. In the late 1970s, the different regional Greenpeace groups formed Greenpeace International to oversee the goals and operations of the regional organizations globally. Greenpeace received international attention during the 1980s when the French intelligence agency bombed the Rainbow Warrior in Auckland’s Waitemata Harbour, one of the most well-known vessels operated by Greenpeace, killing one individual. In the following years, Greenpeace evolved into one of the largest environmental organizations in the world.
Greenpeace is known for its direct actions and has been described as the most visible environmental organization in the world. Greenpeace has raised environmental issues to public knowledge, and influenced both the private and the public sector. Greenpeace has also been a source of controversy; its motives and methods have received criticism and the organization’s direct actions have sparked legal actions against Greenpeace activists.
The governance and management structure of Greenpeace.
Greenpeace consists of Greenpeace International (officially Stichting Greenpeace Council) based in Amsterdam, Netherlands, and 28 regional offices operating in 45 countries.The regional offices work largely autonomously under the supervision of Greenpeace International. The executive director of Greenpeace is elected by the board members of Greenpeace International. The current director of Greenpeace International is Kumi Naidoo and the current Chair of the Board is Brazilian Ana Toni. Greenpeace has a staff of 2,400 and 15,000 volunteers globally
Each regional office is led by a regional executive director elected by the regional board of directors. The regional boards also appoint a trustee to The Greenpeace International Annual General Meeting, where the trustees elect or remove the board of directors of Greenpeace International. The role of the annual general meeting is also to discuss and decide the overall principles and strategically important issues for Greenpeace in collaboration with the trustees of regional offices and Greenpeace International board of directors.
Greenpeace receives its funding from individual supporters and foundations. Greenpeace screens all major donations in order to ensure it does not receive unwanted donations. The organization does not accept money from governments, intergovernmental organizations, political parties or corporations in order to avoid their influence. Donations from foundations which are funded by political parties or receive most of their funding from governments or intergovernmental organizations are rejected. Foundation donations are also rejected if the foundations attach unreasonable conditions, restrictions or constraints on Greenpeace activities or if the donation would compromise the independence and aims of Greenpeace. Since in the mid-1990s the number of supporters started to decrease, Greenpeace pioneered the use of face-to-face fundraising where fundraisers actively seek new supporters at public places, subscribing them for a monthly direct debit donation. In 2008, most of the €202.5 million received by the organization was donated by about 2.6 million regular supporters, mainly from Europe.
Greenpeace street fundraiser talking to a passer-by.
In September 2003, the Public Interest Watch (PIW) complained to the Internal Revenue Service, claiming that Greenpeace USA tax returns were inaccurate and in violation of the law. PIW charged that Greenpeace was using non-profit donations for advocacy instead of charity and educational purposes. PIW asked the IRS to investigate the complaint. Greenpeace rejected the accusations and challenged PIW to disclose its funders, a request rejected by then-Executive Director of PIW, Mike Hardiman, because PIW does not have 501c3 tax exempt status, as Greenpeace does in the U.S. The IRS conducted an extensive review and concluded in December 2005 that Greenpeace USA continued to qualify for its tax-exempt status. In March 2006 The Wall Street Journal reported that PIW’s “federal tax filing, covering August 2003 to July 2004, stated that $120,000 of the $124,094 the group received in contributions during that period came from Exxon Mobil.”In 2013, after the IRS performed a follow-up audit, which again was clean, and following controversies of politically motivated IRS audits against the Tea Party Movement, Greenpeace U.S. Executive Director Phil Radford called for a Congressional investigation into all politically motivated audits – including those allegedly targeting the Tea Party Movement, the NAACP, and Greenpeace.